Monday , April 22 2024

Oracle Clusterware Node Eviction

In today’s article, we will cover the subject of “Node Eviction”, which is the last thing a database administrator would want to see.

Eviction is a mechanism or process technology designed for Oracle Cluster.

This technology helps to separate the nodes in the cluster with or without critical problems from the structure in order not to disrupt the consistency and overall cluster operation.

For example, if any node hangs on a cluster or thinks it cannot be accessed for different reasons, the relevant node will be separated from the cluster structure by Eviction and a fast restart will occur for this problematic node.

This process is recorded by LMON with the error “ORA-29740 evicted by instance number”.

Its Main Causes are as follows and can be updated according to different cases.

Network problems

Memory (ram, swap, etc.) problems

Excessive and long-term load that may occur on the processor

Bug 16876500 & Bug 14385860

Records to be looked at to fix the problem

All instance Alert Log records ( cluster alert.log, asm alert.log )

Ocssd.logs history

LMON, LMSn, LMD0 history

OSWatcher logs

OS logs ( /var/log/messages )

To explain the subject a little more, when a network-related communication error occurs between the nodes or when the Node cannot write the heartbeat information to the CFVRR, which will be subject to the inviction process, the Cluster on the node performs the evacuation processes we mentioned above to prevent possible data corruption.

IMR is responsible for the automation of all these processes.

Instance Membership Recovery (IMR) is responsible for the organization of all cluster members and is also part of the Cluster Group Services structure.

As we mentioned at the beginning, this process results in the restart of the node with the problem detected.

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About Buğra PARLAYAN

Burgra Parlayan is an experienced Database and Weblogic Administrator. After completing his technical / relevant training he has got involved with a serious amount of projects. He successfully managed database upgrade, database migration, database performance tuning projects for various public institutions.Currently he has been employed by one of the leading financial institutions called Turkiye Hayat & Emeklilik as responsible administrator for Oracle Database and Oracle Middleware. He has been sharing his experience and knowledge by face to face training, personal blog and various social networking accounts to support the Oracle ecosystem continuously since 2010.

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