SQL Server Logs and Operating System Logs(Event Logs) are logs that SQL Server Database Administrators checks on a daily basis, or use to find the cause of the error when they encounter an error. In this article, we will learn how to check these logs.
Through SSMS, you can access both logs from the View tab by right-clicking SQL Server Logs under Management as follows.
You can also access the operating system logs from the Event Viewer on Windows. To access the event viewer, go to Run->Search and write “Event Viewer”.
When we open the Event Viewer, a screen appears as below. You can find logs from the tabs under Windows Logs.
If you want to filter SQL Server Error Log, I suggest you to read the below article.